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Accueil du site > Production scientifique > Identification of a novel snake peptide toxin displaying high affinity and antagonist behaviour for the α2-adrenoceptors

Identification of a novel snake peptide toxin displaying high affinity and antagonist behaviour for the α2-adrenoceptors

Date de publication: 27 octobre 2010

C. Rouget, L. Quinton, A. Maïga, C. Gales, G. Masuyer, C. Malosse, J. Chamot-Rooke, R. Thai, G. Mourier, E. De Pauw, N. Gilles, D. Servent
Br. J. Pharmacol. 161 1361–1374 (2010). DOI

Travail réalisé sur le site de l’Ecole Polytechnique.

Abstract

Keywords : three-finger-fold toxins ;binding experiments ;α2-adrenoceptor antagonists ;venom fractionation ;mass fragmentation ;snake venoms

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Muscarinic and adrenergic G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the targets of rare peptide toxins isolated from snake or cone snail venoms. We used a screen to identify novel toxins from Dendroaspis angusticeps targeting aminergic GPCRs. These toxins may offer new candidates for the development of new tools and drugs.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH In binding experiments with 3H-rauwolscine, we studied the interactions of green mamba venom fractions with α2-adrenoceptors from rat brain synaptosomes. We isolated, sequenced and chemically synthesized a novel peptide, ρ-Da1b. This peptide was pharmacologically characterized using binding experiments and functional tests on human α2-adrenoceptors expressed in mammalian cells.

KEY RESULTS ρ-Da1b, a 66-amino acid peptide stabilized by four disulphide bridges, belongs to the three-finger-fold peptide family. Its synthetic homologue inhibited 80% of 3H-rauwolscine binding to the three α2-adrenoceptor subtypes, with an affinity between 14 and 73 nM and Hill slopes close to unity. Functional experiments on α2A-adrenoceptor demonstrated that ρ-Da1b is an antagonist, shifting adrenaline activation curves to the right. Schild regression revealed slopes of 0.97 and 0.67 and pA2 values of 5.93 and 5.32 for yohimbine and ρ-Da1b, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS ρ-Da1b is the first toxin identified to specifically interact with α2-adrenoceptors, extending the list of class A GPCRs sensitive to toxins. Additionally, its affinity and atypical mode of interaction open up the possibility of its use as a new pharmacological tool, in the study of the physiological roles of α2-adrenoceptor subtypes.