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Accueil du site > Production scientifique > Ultraviolet-vis degradation of iprodione and estimation of the acute toxicity of its photodegradation products

Ultraviolet-vis degradation of iprodione and estimation of the acute toxicity of its photodegradation products

Date de publication: 5 décembre 2014

Yannick Lassalle, Hela Jellouli, Laurie Ballerini, Yasmine Souissi, Edith Nicol , Sophie Bourcier, Stephane Bouchonnet
J. Chrom. A 1371 146 (2014). DOI

Travail réalisé sur le site de l’Ecole Polytechnique.

Abstract

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The UV–vis photodegradation of iprodione in water was investigated with a high pressure mercury lamp photoreactor. Five photoproducts of iprodione were characterized by LC–HR-MS/MS and isotopic labeling ; none of them has been reported in previous studies. Three of them result from the elimination of one or two chlorine atoms followed by hydroxy or hydrogen addition while the two others are cyclic isomers of iprodione. An ICR mass spectrometer was used for by-products identification ; concentrations of photoproducts were estimated with a triple quadrupole instrument, using iprodione-D5 as an internal standard. Phototransformation mechanisms were postulated to rationalize photoproducts formation. In silico QSAR toxicity predictions were conducted with the Toxicity Estimation Software Tool (T.E.S.T.) considering oral rat LD50, mutagenicity and developmental toxicity. Low oral rat LD50 values of 350 mg/kg and 759 mg/kg were predicted for cyclic isomers of iprodione, compared to that of the parent molecule (2776 mg/kg). Toxicity estimations exhibited that all the iprodione photoproducts could be mutagenic while the parent compound is not. In vitro assays on Vibrio fischeri were achieved on both irradiated and non-irradiated aqueous solutions of iprodione and on HPLC fractions containing isolated photoproducts. Phenolic photoproducts were shown to be mainly responsible for toxicity enhancement with EC50 values of 0.3 and 0.5 ppm, for the bi- and mono-phenolic compounds issued from chlorine elimination.